How Auxiliary or Helping Verbs Help

The Free Cozy Grammar Newsletter with Marie Rackham and Thomas Hitoshi Pruiksma

This month we wanted to share two video excerpts from The Basic Cozy Grammar Course about auxiliary or helping verbs, as well as a special announcement about Complimentary Family Sub-Accounts.

The term auxiliary verb might be intimidating, but as Marie points out in the following excerpt, auxiliary verbs are simply helping verbs. They help other verbs to do their job. She also gives a list of common auxiliary verbs:

You can take a closer look at Marie's list of auxiliary verbs below, which also gives you a taste for the kinds of reference materials you'll find in Marie's Study Notes.

You can click on each picture to see it enlarged.

Marie's List of Common Auxiliary Verbs

How Helping Verbs Can Help Writers

As a writer, I use auxiliary verbs—or, as I like to refer to them, helping verbs—all the time.

As I explain in my own video from Marie's Study Notes for Lesson 8, helping verbs can also help us suggest interesting layers of meaning:

Attention Must Be Paid

Here's one more example of how a writer uses helping verbs:

In his play Death of a Saleman, Arthur Miller has the character of Linda Loman defend her husband, Willy Loman, with these words:

"I don't say he's a great man. Willy Loman never made a lot of money. His name was never in the paper. He's not the finest character that ever lived. But he's a human being, and a terrible thing is happening to him. So attention must be paid. He's not to be allowed to fall into his grave like an old dog. Attention, attention must finally be paid to such a person."

Notice how Linda's use of the helping verb "must" gives her statement additional force and power.

No wonder these lines are among the most quoted in all of Arthur Miller's work.

Sub-Accounts for Family Members

Just as helping verbs help other verbs to do what they do, we wanted to offer you something that can help you as you explore studying grammar and punctuation.

We're happy to announce that you can now create up to 4 sub-accounts for family members.

Since our courses allow you to track progress and record the results of exercises and review tests for documentation of learning, our family sub-accounts allow you to set up individual accounts for your children or other family members.

At the end of each course, they will be able to get their own personalized completion certificate as well.

These sub-accounts are included free of charge for both The Basic Cozy Grammar Course and The Basic Cozy Punctuation Course.

Thank you for joining us. We'll see you again next month!

Thomas Hitoshi Pruiksma



Marie's Language Consultant
The Cozy Grammar Series of Courses